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FDA imavomereza Biktarvy kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito pamtundu wa HIV

FDA imavomereza Biktarvy kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito pamtundu wa HIVNkhani

Ngakhale sichithandizo cha HIV, kuvomereza kwaposachedwa kwa FDA kudzathandiza anthu omwe ali ndi HIV kukhala ndi moyo wautali. Mu February 2018, Ulamuliro wa Zakudya ndi Mankhwala (FDA) adavomereza kugwiritsa ntchito Biktarvy pochiza matenda a HIV-1 mwa akulu. Ngakhale Biktarvy (kapena mankhwala ena aliwonse a HIV) sangachiritse HIV kapena Edzi, kuphatikiza mankhwala ena a HIV, imatha kuthandiza anthu omwe ali ndi kachilombo ka HIV kuti azikhala motalikirapo komanso kuchepetsa mwayi wopatsirana anthu ena.

Biktarvy itha kuperekedwa kwa odwala omwe sanamwe mankhwala a HIV kale. Itha kusinthanso mankhwala a HIV a odwala omwe ali pamayendedwe a HIV. Biktarvy sayenera kumwa mankhwala ena a HIV-1.



Kodi Biktarvy ndi chiyani?

Biktarvy ndi piritsi yomwe ili ndi zinthu zitatu zomwe zimagwira ntchito. Imodzi imatchedwa bictegravir-ndi mankhwala atsopano. Zimagwira ntchito poletsa enzyme ya HIV yotchedwa integrase. Integrase ndi enzyme yomwe kachilombo ka HIV kamadalira kuti kadzichite yekha ndikufalikira mthupi lonse, motero poletsa enzyme, bictegravir imaletsa HIV kuti isachulukane ndikuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa HIV mthupi. Zosakaniza zina ziwiri ndi emtricitabine (yemwenso amadziwika kuti Emtriva ) ndi tenofovir alafenamide (yemwenso amadziwika kuti Vemlidy). Mankhwala awiriwa, omwe adavomerezedwa kale kulandira chithandizo cha HIV-1, ndinucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors.Amaletsa enzyme yotchedwa reverse transcriptase, kuti kachilombo ka HIV kasadzipange kokhako.



Kodi Biktarvy imagwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji?

Biktarvy, piritsi limodzi lokhala ndi mankhwala atatu, limaletsa HIV kuti isachulukane. Poletsa kuchulukitsa kwa HIV, Biktarvy imatha kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa ma virus mthupi (muyeso wa kuchuluka kwa tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta mililita m'mwazi) osadziwika. Zimathandizanso kuchuluka kwa ma cell amthupi m'magazi.

Kodi Biktarvy idavomerezedwa bwanji?

Lingaliro lovomereza Biktarvy limabwera pambuyo poti Gileadi Sciences, kampani yomwe imayambitsa mankhwalawa, yalengeza zotsatira kuchokera kumayeso azachipatala anayi, 48-sabata ya odwala 2,414 achikulire omwe ali ndi kachilombo ka HIV-1. Kafukufukuyu anapeza kuti Biktarvy imagwiranso ntchito ndi mitundu ina yodziwika bwino ya kachilombo ka HIV, kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa ma virus ndikuwonjezera ma CD4 + immune immune.



Biktarvy vs. mitundu ina ya kachilombo ka HIV

Vuto lomwe limakhalapo ndimayendedwe a kachilombo ka HIV ndi kukana kulandira mankhwala. Apa ndipamene kachilombo ka HIV kamayamba kulimbana ndi mankhwala omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito poletsa kuti kachiromboko kasayambiranso. Odwala omwe adafufuzidwa ndi Biktarvy adawonetsedwa kuti asamamwe mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Sukulu ya Giliyadi ikupereka ndalama zowonjezera ku Biktarvy kuti aphunzire zovuta za mankhwalawa kwa amayi, achinyamata, komanso ana omwe ali ndi kachilombo ka HIV.

Kodi Biktarvy imagwira ntchito mwachangu motani?

Biktarvy ikhoza kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa kachirombo ka HIV m'magazi anu kuti asapezeke msanga masabata 8-24.



Zotsatira za Biktarvy

Monga mankhwala ambiri, zotsatira zoyipa zalembedwa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito Biktarvy. Chovuta kwambiri mwa izi ndikuchulukirachulukira kwa Hepatitis B, komanso kuchuluka kwa lactic acid m'magazi amadziwikanso kuti lactic acidosis. Zotsatira zoyipa za Biktarvy zitha kuphatikizanso mavuto a impso, kutsegula m'mimba, kupweteka mutu, chizungulire, nseru, komanso kusintha kwa chitetezo chamthupi. Mankhwala ena achikulire omwe amachiza kachilombo ka HIV atha kutsitsa tsitsi, koma izi sizomwe zimachitika chifukwa cha Biktarvy.

Kuyanjana kwa Biktarvy

Biktarvy amathanso kulumikizana ndi mankhwala ena. Biktarvy sayenera kumwa mankhwala ena aliwonse a HIV. Funsani dokotala ngati mankhwala ena aliwonse omwe mukugwiritsa ntchito atha kulumikizana ndi Biktarvy. Sitiyenera kumwa ngati mukumwa dofetilide kapena rifampin. Muyeneranso kudziwitsa othandizira zaumoyo ngati muli ndi pakati kapena mukufuna kukhala ndi pakati, kapena ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito Kulera kwa mahomoni (monga mapiritsi, mphete ya nyini, kapena ma implants).

Zimawononga ndalama zingati Biktarvy?

Popanda inshuwaransi, Biktarvy imatha kukhala yokwera mtengo. Masiku 30 Mtengo wa biktarvy ndi $ 3,811.99. Ndi SingleCare, mtengo wake watsikira mpaka $ 3,191.11. Wopanga, Gileadi, amapereka chithandizo cha copay , monga khadi yakukopera ya Biktarvy, yomwe imatha kuchepetsa mtengo mukakumana ndi ziyeneretso zina.