Waukulu >> Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo Vs. Mnzanu >> Vitamini D vs. D3: Kusiyana, kufanana, ndi zomwe zili zabwino kwa inu

Vitamini D vs. D3: Kusiyana, kufanana, ndi zomwe zili zabwino kwa inu

Vitamini D vs. D3: Kusiyana, kufanana, ndi zomwe zili zabwino kwa inuMankhwala osokoneza bongo Vs. Mnzanu

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Mavitamini a D ndi mavitamini osungunuka mafuta omwe amathandiza kwambiri pakamwa kwa calcium ndi thanzi la mafupa, komanso chitetezo chamthupi. Khungu lathu limapanga vitamini D tikakhala padzuwa, koma chifukwa cha khansa yapakhungu, anthu ambiri amapewa kutentha kwa dzuwa kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zoteteza ku dzuwa, zomwe zimalepheretsa thupi kutulutsa vitamini D. Mitundu yambiri yamkaka ndi mkaka, komanso madzi a lalanje, ndi komanso olimbikitsidwa ndi vitamini D. Komabe, ambiri aife sitipeza vitamini D wokwanira ndipo timafunikira kutenga chowonjezera. Pali mitundu iwiri ya mavitamini D zakudya zowonjezera: vitamini D2 (ergocalciferol) ndi vitamini D3 (cholecalciferol), ndipo ndikofunikira kumvetsetsa kusiyana kwawo posankha vitamini D yofunika kutenga.



Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa vitamini D ndi D3?

Mawu oti vitamini D ndiwopanda tanthauzo chifukwa simupeza chilichonse chomwe chingatchulidwe kuti vitamini D pamalo opangira mavitamini. M'malo mwake, zosankha zanu ndi vitamini D2 (Vitamini D2 ndi chiyani?) Kapena vitamini D3 (Vitamini D3 ndi chiyani?). Nthawi zambiri, mukatchula vitamini D, kusankha kwake ndi vitamini D2. Pachifukwa cha nkhaniyi, vitamini D ikangotchulidwa, izitanthauza vitamini D2. Mayina akhoza kusokoneza, chifukwa nthawi zambiri, odwala amapita ku malo osungira mankhwala kufunafuna vitamini D ndipo amadabwa kuti pali D2 ndi D3.



Vitamini D (D2) imachokera kuzomera, monga bowa wamtchire, komanso zakudya zolimba, monga mkaka kapena zinthu monga chimanga. Mphamvu zake zimayesedwa m'magulu apadziko lonse lapansi, omwe amafupikitsidwa ngati IU pakulemba. Makapisozi a IU 50,000 ndi mankhwala okhawo, pomwe mphamvu zochepa zimapezeka pompopompo. Vitamini D ndiotsika mtengo kwambiri kutulutsa motero ndi mtundu womwe umapezeka kwambiri muzakudya zolimbitsa.

Vitamini D3 makamaka imachokera ku nyama monga mafuta a nsomba, nsomba zamafuta, chiwindi, ndi mazira a dzira. Khungu lanu likamawala dzuwa, limatulutsa vitamini D3. Pachifukwa ichi, nthawi zina amatchedwa vitamini wowala dzuwa. Mphamvu zake zimayesedwanso m'magulu apadziko lonse lapansi. Mitundu yonse ya vitamini D3 imapezeka pompopompo.



Kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa vitamini D ndi D3
Vitamini D2 Vitamini D3
Gulu la mankhwala osokoneza bongo Vitamini D Analog Vitamini D Analog
Chizindikiro cha Brand / generic Zolemba ndi generic zilipo Zolemba ndi generic zilipo
Kodi dzina lachibadwa ndi liti?
Kodi dzina lake ndi ndani?
Ergocalciferol kapena vitamini D2
Chidwi
Cholecalciferol, vitamini D, kapena vitamini D3
Decara, Dialyvite D3 Max
Kodi mankhwalawa amabwera mwa mawonekedwe ati? Oral mapiritsi ndi makapisozi, m`kamwa madzi njira Mapiritsi apakamwa ndi makapisozi, njira yamadzi yamlomo, yankho lamadzi laling'ono
Kodi mulingo woyenera ndi uti? 1,000 IU mpaka 2,000 IU tsiku lililonse kuti muwonjezere vitamini D 1,000 IU mpaka 2,000 IU tsiku lililonse kuti muwonjezere vitamini D
Kodi mankhwalawa amatenga nthawi yayitali bwanji? Zosatha Zosatha
Ndani amagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa? Makanda, ana, achinyamata, komanso achikulire Makanda, ana, achinyamata, komanso achikulire

Zomwe zimathandizidwa ndi vitamini D ndi D3

Vitamini D2 ngati mankhwala amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza hypoparathyroidism (kuchepa kwa chithokomiro cha mahomoni), mavitamini D osagonjetsedwa, ndi hypophosphatemia (phosphorous m'magazi ochepa). Amagwiritsidwa ntchito poperewera kwa vitamini D m'malamulo ake onse komanso pamankhwala. A FDA savomereza madandaulo amankhwala othandizira kuwonjezera mavitamini, chifukwa chake, ngakhale kuti kugwiritsa ntchito kumeneku ndizofala, kumawerengedwa kuti ndi kopanda tanthauzo.

Mitundu yonse ya mavitamini D3 yowonjezerapo imapezeka pompopompo, chifukwa chake FDA sivomerezeka kuti ipereke chithandizo chamankhwala. Komabe, vitamini D3 imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pochotsa hypoparathyroidism ndi kuchepa kwa vitamini D, komanso kupewa kufooka kwa mafupa.

Ntchito zosiyanasiyana za vitamini D zowonjezerapo zalembedwa mu tebulo ili m'munsiyi. Nthawi zonse muyenera kupeza upangiri kuchipatala musanayambe kuwonjezera kwa vitamini D.



Mkhalidwe Vitamini D2 Vitamini D3
Hypoparathyroidism Inde Kutumiza
Ma rickets otsutsa Inde Kutumiza
Hypophosphatemia Inde Kutumiza
Zowonjezera zakudya Inde Inde
Kulephera kwa Vitamini D / kuchepa Kutumiza Kutumiza

Mukufuna mtengo wabwino kwambiri pa Vitamini D?

Lowani zidziwitso zamitengo ya Vitamini D kuti mudziwe kuti mitengo isintha liti!

Pezani Zidziwitso Zamitengo

Kodi vitamini D kapena D3 ndi yothandiza kwambiri?

Vitamini D2 ndi D3 amalowetsedwa m'magazi momwe amapangidwira ndi chiwindi mu 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 ndi 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, yotchedwa 25D kapena calcifediol. Calcifediol ndi vitamini D zovuta kuzungulira m'magazi anu, ndipo milingo yake imawonetsa malo ogulitsa vitamini D. Calcifediol amadziwika kuti ndi mtundu wa vitamini D. Dokotala wanu akamalamula labu kuti ayang'ane kuchuluka kwanu kwa vitamini D, mukuyeza milingo yanu ya calcifediol (25D).



Pakhala pali maphunziro angapo poyerekeza ngati kuphatikiza ndi vitamini D2 kapena D3 kumatulutsa mulingo wokwera kwambiri wa calcifediol. A kuphunzira lofalitsidwa ndi National Institutes of Health idachitidwa mwa okalamba, azimayi omwe atha msambo omwe amadziwika kuti ndi vitamini D. Idafanizira zotsatira zakulandila vitamini D2 kapena vitamini D3 pamiyeso ya calcifediol. Kafukufukuyu adatsimikiza kuti vitamini D3 imatulutsa pafupifupi kawiri kuchuluka kwa calcifediol mwa odwalawa poyerekeza ndi vitamini D2.

Mosiyana mayesero azachipatala kuyerekezera magawo khumi a milungu iwiri ya mlungu 50,000 IU ya mavitamini D2 ndi vitamini D3 m'magulu ofananako, vitamini D3 idapezekanso kuti ndiyopambana pakupanga 25D, kapena calcifediol.



Malingana ndi mayesero a labu omwe amayeza mavitamini D, dokotala wanu akhoza kuyesa 25D yonse kapena 25D yaulere, kapena zonse ziwiri. Kutsutsana kumakhalabe komwe kuyesa kwa labu ndiko muyeso wabwino kwambiri m'masitolo a vitamini D mthupi lanu, koma kafukufukuyu adawonetsa kuti vitamini D3 inali yopambana pokweza magawo onse awiriwa.

Mukufuna mtengo wabwino kwambiri pa Vitamini D3?

Lowani zidziwitso zamitengo ya Vitamini D3 kuti mudziwe kuti mitengo isintha liti!



Pezani Zidziwitso Zamitengo

Kuwerengera ndi kuyerekezera mtengo wa vitamini D vs. D3

Vitamini D2 mu fomu yamankhwala nthawi zambiri imaphimbidwa ndi malingaliro ambiri azamalonda komanso a Medicare. Mapepala omwe amagulitsidwa nthawi zambiri samakhala ndi mapulani a inshuwaransi yamalonda kapena a Medicare. Mtengo umasiyana mosiyanasiyana malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa mankhwala. Mtengo wapakati wa mankhwala a IU 50,000 kwa masabata 12 azachipatala ndi $ 47.99. Ndi coupon yochokera ku SingleCare, mtengo uwu ukutsikira mpaka $ 11.



Vitamini D3 imagulitsidwa, choncho sichikhala ndi mapulani a inshuwaransi. Mtengo umasiyanasiyana kutengera mlingo. D3 itha kukhala ngati $ 40 koma ngati dokotala akukulemberani mankhwalawa mutha kuyipeza pamtengo wotsika $ 20 ndi coupon ya SingleCare kuchotsera.

Vitamini D2 Vitamini D3
Nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi inshuwaransi? Inde, pa mankhwala dosing Ayi
Nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi Medicare Part D? Inde, pa mankhwala dosing Ayi
Mlingo woyenera Makapisozi 12, 50,000 IU Makapisozi 12, 50,000 IU
Chitsanzo cha Medicare Part D copay <$10 depending on plan n / A
Mtengo wosakwatiwa $ 11- $ 17 $ 20 +

Zotsatira zoyipa za vitamini D vs. D3

Palibe zovuta zoyipa zochizira mavitamini D2 kapena D3. Zotsatira zoyipa zokhudzana ndi vitamini D ndizotsatira za hypervitaminosis D, vuto losowa kwambiri lomwe limachitika mukamadya vitamini D. Izi nthawi zina zimawoneka mwa odwala omwe amatenga megadoses a vitamini D, zomwe zimapangitsa vitamini D kawopsedwe. Zotsatira zake ndikukula kwa calcium yambiri m'magazi yomwe imatha kudzetsa nseru, kusanza, kudzimbidwa, komanso kukodza pafupipafupi. Ngati sangasamalire, kulephera kwa impso kosasinthika kumatha kuchitika limodzi ndi kuwerengera ziwalo ndi ziwalo zofewa.

Tebulo lotsatirali limatchula zovuta zina zomwe zimakhudzana ndi hypervitaminosis D, osati vitamini D wowonjezera. Zambiri pazakuwopsa kwa mavitamini D zitha kupezeka kwa dokotala kapena wamankhwala, popeza ili mwina silingakhale mndandanda wathunthu.

Vitamini D2 Vitamini D3
Zotsatira zoyipa Zoyenera? Pafupipafupi Zoyenera? Pafupipafupi
Nseru Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Kusanza Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Kudzimbidwa Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Polyuria Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Nocturia Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Aimpso kulephera Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Kuwerengera kwa thupi Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Kuwerenga minofu yofewa Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Kuchepa kwa magazi m'thupi Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Kuchepetsa thupi Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri
Kuchotsa mafupa Inde Kawirikawiri Inde Kawirikawiri

Gwero Tsiku ndi Tsiku .

Kuyanjana kwa mankhwala a vitamini D2 vs. D3

Vitamini D2 ndi D3 iliyonse imapukusidwa ndi chiwindi mpaka 25D, chifukwa chake kulumikizana komwe kungachitike ndi mankhwala kumafanana. Vitamini D imachulukitsa seramu ya aluminiyamu ikamamwa ndi aluminium hydroxide, antiacid wamba, chifukwa chake kuphatikiza kuyenera kupewedwa. Thiazide diuretics, monga hydrochlorothiazide, imatha kuwonjezera mwayi wa vitamini D wokulitsa kuchuluka kwa calcium m'magazi kufika pamlingo wowopsa. Odwala omwe ali ndi thiazide diuretics ndi vitamini D supplementation amayang'aniridwa ndi izi ndi omwe amawapatsa chithandizo chamankhwala. Mankhwala ena amachepetsa kuyamwa komanso kuthandizira kwa vitamini D yowonjezera. Mafuta a acid-acid, monga cholestyramine, ndi chitsanzo cha mankhwala omwe angawononge kuyamwa kwa vitamini D. Vitamini D ndi cholestyramine sayenera kuperekedwa nthawi yomweyo.

Tebulo lotsatirali silingakhale mndandanda wathunthu wazomwe zimachitika ndi mankhwala. Chonde funsani wamankhwala wanu kapena wothandizira zaumoyo kuti mumve zambiri komanso mndandanda wathunthu wazomwe mungachite.

Mankhwala osokoneza bongo Gulu la Mankhwala Vitamini D2 Vitamini D3
Zotayidwa hydroxide Maantacid Inde Inde
Cholestyramine Mchere wokhala ndi asidi wambiri Inde Inde
Zamgululi Timadzi Inde Inde
Erdafitinib FGFR kinase inhibitor Inde Inde
Mafuta amchere Mankhwala otsegulitsa m'mimba Inde Inde
Orlistat Lipase choletsa Inde Inde
Sucralfate Wothandizira wokutira Mucosal Inde Inde
Chlorthalidone
Hydrochlorothiazide
Indapamide
Metolazone
Thiazide okodzetsa Inde Inde

Machenjezo a vitamini D ndi D3

Vitamini D kawopsedwe amatha kupezeka ndi kuchuluka kwambiri. Zizindikiro zitha kuphatikizira kusanza, kusanza, kusowa kwa njala, kudzimbidwa, kuchepa madzi m'thupi, kutopa, komanso kusokonezeka. Chifukwa chakuti vitamini D ndi mankhwala osungunuka mafuta, zotsatira za mankhwala a vitamini D amatha miyezi iwiri kapena kupitilira pomwe mankhwala atasiya. Ndikofunikanso kudziwa kuti mavitamini D ali ndi zowonjezera zina zomwe mungamwe, monga multivitamin tsiku lililonse. Simuyenera kumwa mavitamini D ochulukirapo popanda malangizo a dokotala.

Mafunso omwe amafunsidwa kawirikawiri za vitamini D vs. D3

Kodi vitamini D (D2) ndi chiyani?

Vitamini D (D2-ergocalciferol) ndi vitamini D yowonjezera yomwe imapezeka m'mankhwala onse komanso pamankhwala. Amapezeka m'mapiritsi apakamwa ndi makapisozi, komanso yankho lamlomo. Vitamini D2 imachokera kuzomera ndipo ndiyo vitamini D yodziwika kwambiri yomwe imapezeka muzakudya zolimba.

Kodi vitamini D3 ndi chiyani?

Vitamini D3 (cholecalciferol) ndi mankhwala owonjezera a vitamini D omwe amapezeka mumphamvu zosiyanasiyana. Amapezeka m'mapiritsi apakamwa ndi makapisozi, komanso mayankho amlomo ndi amitundu.

Vitamini D3 imachokera kuzinthu zanyama monga mafuta a nsomba, nsomba zamafuta, chiwindi, kapena mazira a dzira.

Kodi vitamini D kapena D3 ndi ofanana?

Tikamanena za vitamini D, tikunena za Vitamini D2. Vitamini D2 ndi D3 zonsezi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi mavitamini D koma sizofanana. Vitamini D2 ndi ergocalciferol ndipo imachokera kumagwero azomera. Vitamini D3 ndi cholecalciferol ndipo imachokera kumagwero azinyama. Zowonjezera zonsezi zimakonzedwa m'thupi ndi chiwindi mpaka 25-hydroxyvitamin D, ngakhale vitamini D3 imaganiza kuti imapereka 25D. Mavitamini D2 ena amapangidwa kokha ndi mankhwala, pomwe mavitamini D3 onse ndi owerengera.

Kodi vitamini D kapena D3 ndibwino?

Vitamini D ndi D3 zimakonzedwa mthupi ndi chiwindi kupita ku 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 ndi 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 motsatana. Kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti kutenga vitamini D3 kumabweretsa milingo yayikulu ya 25D, zomwe zimadzetsa zopereka zambiri m'masitolo a vitamini D amthupi.

Kodi ndingagwiritse ntchito vitamini D kapena D3 ndili ndi pakati?

Vitamini D ndi vitamini D3 ndizotheka kumwa mukakhala ndi pakati ndikuyang'aniridwa ndi dokotala. Dokotala wanu akhoza kukupatsani mankhwala owonjezera tsiku lililonse ndipo ayenera kuwunika ngati ali ndi Vitamini D wosowa kwambiri.

Kodi ndingagwiritse ntchito vitamini D kapena D3 ndi mowa?

Vitamini D ndi vitamini D3 ndizotheka kumwa mukamwa mowa. Zinthu zonsezi zimapangidwa makamaka ndi chiwindi, chifukwa chake chiwindi chimayenera kuyang'aniridwa ndi katswiri wazachipatala.

Kodi ndiyenera kumwa vitamini D kapena D3?

Vitamini D (D2) ndi vitamini D3 ndiwo mavitamini D onse ogwira ntchito. Vitamini D2 imavomerezedwa pochiza hypoparathyroidism, mavitamini D osagonjetsedwa, ndi hypophosphatemia. Zowonjezera zonsezi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popangira vitamini D supplementation.

Kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti mavitamini D3 othandizira akhoza kukhala apamwamba pakukweza malo ogulitsira vitamini D amthupi. Pali zabwino zambiri zothandizidwa ndi vitamini D zowonjezerapo, koma dokotala ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito mayeso a labu kuti akuuzeni kuchuluka kwa vitamini D omwe muyenera kumwa ndi mawonekedwe ake.

Kodi vitamini D3 ndi yabwino bwanji?

Vitamini D3 imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ngati chakudya chowonjezera cha vitamini D. Imathandizira kuyamwa kwa calcium ndipo imatha kuthandizira kupewa kufooka kwa mafupa ndi osteomalacia.

Chifukwa chiyani madokotala amalamula vitamini D2 m'malo mwa D3?

Dokotala wanu amatha kudziwa malingaliro anu a vitamini D kutengera ntchito ya labu. Mwa akatswiri ena azaumoyo, pakhoza kukhala lingaliro loti vitamini D2 ndiyothandiza kwambiri chifukwa imangopezeka pakulemba kokha, ngakhale kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti izi sizowona. Vitamini D2 amathanso kukhala wotsika mtengo kwa wodwalayo, makamaka ataphimbidwa pang'ono kapena kwathunthu ndi inshuwaransi yawo.

Kodi vitamini D3 imakupatsani mphamvu?

Kuchulukitsa kudya kwa vitamini D kumaganiziridwa kuti kumawonjezera mphamvu. A mayesero azachipatala anali atamaliza kuyesa kutopa kwa odwala omwe amadziwika kuti alibe vitamini D. Odwalawa adapatsidwa vitamini D3 supplementation kuti achulukitse mavitamini D m'magazi, ndipo zotsatira zake zidawonetsa kusintha kwakutopa. Asayansi awonetsa kuti izi zitha kuchitika chifukwa cha momwe mavitamini D amathandizira pama cell cell pomwe amawonjezera phosphorylation ya mitochondrial oxidative m'mafupa am'mafupa. Izi zimachepetsa kutopa kwa minofu.