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Njira 9 zothetsera chimfine

Njira 9 zothetsera chimfineMaphunziro a Zaumoyo

M'nyengo yozizira iliyonse, ngakhale kuli kovuta kupeza katemera wa chimfine komanso kuchonderera kosatha kuchokera kwa akatswiri azaumoyo kuti ateteze, Zomwe Zimayang'anira Kuteteza ndi Kuteteza Matenda (CDC) kuti pakati pa 9 miliyoni ndi 45 miliyoni aku America adzadwala chimfine. Zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi kachilombo ka fuluwenza, zizindikilozo zimatha kuphatikizira kutopa, zilonda zapakhosi, malungo kapena kuzizira, mphuno yodzaza kapena yotuluka, kupweteka mutu, kupweteka kwa minofu ndi thupi, matenda am'makutu, ngakhale kusanza kapena kutsegula m'mimba.





Anthu mazana ambiri ku America adzafunika kuchipatala nyengo iliyonse ya chimfine, ndipo masauzande, makamaka achikulire kapena achichepere kwambiri, adzafa chifukwa cha matenda awo. Munthawi ya chimfine cha 2018-2019, CDC ikuyerekeza kuti mpaka aku 34,000 aku America adamwalira ndi chimfine. Komabe, anthu ambiri omwe amadwala chimfine amakhala ndi zizindikilo zochepa mpaka masiku asanu kapena asanu ndi awiri.



Momwe mungathetsere chimfine

Ngati mwapezeka kuti muli m'gulu lomweli, yesani njira zotsatirazi zothandizila kuthana ndi matenda anu, kufulumira kuchira kwanu, ndikupewa kufalitsa kachilomboka kwa ena.

  1. Muzipuma mokwanira
  2. Khalani osamalidwa bwino
  3. Pewetsani mpweya
  4. Dzipangitseni kukhala omasuka
  5. Tengani mankhwala osokoneza bongo
  6. Ganizirani zithandizo zamatenda achilengedwe
  7. Samalani ndi matenda anu
  8. Pewani anthu ena ndikuchita ukhondo
  9. Pitani kuchipatala

1. Muzipuma mokwanira

Mukatsika ndi chimfine, pamakhala mwayi wabwino kuti simungamve ngati kudzuka pabedi. Ngati ndi choncho, mverani thupi lanu. Imodzi mwa njira zothandiza kwambiri komanso zophweka zochizira chimfine ndikupuma mokwanira momwe zingathere. Kupumula kumathandiza thupi kulimbana ndi matenda, komanso kugona mokwanira - kugona maola asanu ndi atatu tsiku lililonse - kumathandizira kulimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi lanu ndikulilola kugwira ntchito momwe lingathere.

2. Khalani ndi madzi okwanira

Mukakhala ndi malungo, mumataya madzi ambiri, atero Amy Cram, MD, dokotala wa ana Gulu Lachipatala chakumpoto ku Ryebrook, New York. Thupi lanu lidzafuna madzi ena ambiri, chifukwa chake mukufuna kudziwa izi ndikukhala ndi madzi nthawi zonse. Ngati mukudya mwachizolowezi ndikumeza mchere ndi shuga kudzera muzakudya zanu, madzi ndiye njira yabwino kwambiri yothira madzi, koma ngati simukutero, lingalirani za kumwa madzi ena omwe ali ndi ma electrolyte. Nthawi zomwe mungafune Gatorade-kapena Pedialyte kwa mwana-ndizoti ngati simukudya chilichonse, akufotokoza. Ndiye kuti thupi lako silisunganso madzi. Ndicho chifukwa chake ma electrolyte ndi othandiza.



Madzi ena omwe angakuthandizeni kuthira madzi pakhosi paphokoso komanso m'mimba osasangalatsa ndi timadziti ta zipatso, tiyi wazitsamba, tiyi wa ginger, madzi otentha, inde, ngakhale msuzi wa nkhuku, womwe ungathandize kuthyola ntchofu.

Malaya amkati amapezeka m'thupi ndipo ndi cholepheretsa kuyenda kwa mpweya ndi madzi ena, atero a Steven Hirschfeld, MD, Ph.D, pulofesa wa ana Yunifolomu Yoyang'anira Yunivesite ya Health Science ku Maryland. Zamadzimadzi ofunda zimathandiza kuchepetsa ntchofu zopangidwa pamene mukudwala. Komabe, muyenera kupewa zakumwa monga khofi yomwe imakhala ndi caffeine, chifukwa imatha kukupangitsani kukhala wopanda madzi.

3. Pangani chinyezi m'mlengalenga

Njira ina yothanirana ndi mamangidwe am'matumbo ndikugwiritsa ntchito nthunzi kapena madzi nthunzi. Ngati mpweya m'nyumba mwanu ndi wouma, chopangira chinyezi kapena chowonjezera mpweya chopangira mpweya wonyowa chingathandize kuchepetsa kukhosomoka komwe kumatuluka komanso kuchepetsa ntchofu. Ngati mulibe chopangira chinyezi, kungokhala pamalo osambira otentha kwa mphindi zingapo nthawi kungakuthandizeni kuti mukhale bwino.



Anthu ena amapezanso mpumulo ndi madzi otentha, ndikudziveka thaulo kumutu kwawo ngati hema ndikupumira nthunzi. Madokotala ambiri amalimbikitsa kuwonjezera dontho kapena mafuta awiri a bulugamu kapena mafuta a peppermint m'madzi kuti apititse patsogolo mphamvu yake yolimbana ndi ntchofu. Mwachidziwikire, mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito madzi oyera m'malo momwera madzi apampopi, omwe amatha kukhala ndi zodetsa, ndikufunsani dokotala musanagwiritse ntchito zinthu monga miphika ya neti ndi zoyeretsetsa zamchere chifukwa si onse omwe amapereka chithandizo.

4. Dzipangeni nokha kukhala omasuka

Pofuna kuchepetsa kutentha thupi komanso kupweteka thupi ndi minofu yolimbana ndi chimfine, anthu ambiri amatha kumwa mankhwala osagwiritsa ntchito zotupa (NSAIDs) monga Zoipa , Motrin ( ibuprofen ), Tylenol ( acetaminophen ), ndi Aleve ( naproxen ). Komabe, simukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito aspirin ndi chimfine chifukwa pakhoza kukhala zovuta zina, akutero Dr. Hirschfeld. Izi ndizowona makamaka kwa ana ochepera zaka 18 omwe ali ndi zizindikiro ngati chimfine, popeza kumwa aspirin akadwala kumatha kuyambitsa mavuto mwa ana otchedwa Reye's Syndrome , matenda osowa koma owopsa omwe angakhudze ubongo ndikuwononga chiwindi. Ponseponse, munthu ayenera kusamala ndi kugwiritsa ntchito ma NSAID chifukwa amatha kukhudza impso ndi m'mimba. Okalamba ayenera kuchepetsa ma NSAID makamaka ngati ali ndi mbiri yachipatala yamatenda amtima kapena kutuluka m'mimba (GI).

ZOKHUDZA: Kodi njira yabwino yothetsera ululu kapena yochepetsa malungo kwa ana ndi iti?



5. Imwani mankhwala opatsirana pogonana

Ngakhale chitetezo cha anthu ambiri chili ndi zida zokwanira zolimbana ndi matenda, ena amakhala pachiwopsezo chachikulu za kukhala ndi zizindikilo zoopsa za chimfine. Izi zikuphatikiza anthu opitilira 65, amayi apakati, ana achichepere, ndi ena omwe ali ndi matenda ena, monga mphumu, matenda ashuga, HIV / Edzi, kumuika, kudziteteza kumatenda, khansa, ndi matenda amtima. Anthuwa akamadwala chimfine, madokotala nthawi zambiri amapereka mankhwala ochepetsa ma virus monga Tamiflu ( kutchfuneralhome ) ndi Xofluza (baloxavir) mkati mwa maola 48 oyamba a chimfine chikuwonekera. Ma antivirals amatha kuthandiza kuthana ndi kachilomboka m'thupi mwachangu ndikuchepetsa nthawi yazizindikiro. Xofluza ilinso tsopano ovomerezeka kupewa chimfine mukakumana ndi kachilomboka.

ZOKHUDZA: Kodi Tamiflu imagwira ntchito?



6. Ganizirani mankhwala achilengedwe a chimfine

Pali umboni kuti ngati mutenga elderberry koyambirira ndi chimfine, imatha kufupikitsa zizindikirazo, Dr. Cram akutero. Amapezeka m'masitolo ogulitsa zakudya zamagulu amadzimadzi, ma gummies, lozenges, mapiritsi, ndi tiyi, komanso ma antioxidants, zowonjezera zowonjezera zimathandizira kulimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi ndikuyika pachiwopsezo chochepa chazovuta. Komabe, malinga ndi National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, elderberry sakuvomerezeka azimayi omwe ali ndi pakati kapena akuyamwitsa.

Madokotala sagwirizana pazothandiza mankhwala ena achilengedwe monga ma probiotic, echinacea, zinc, ndi vitamini C. Zakudya zomwe zili ndi vitamini C, vitamini B6, ndi vitamini E zitha kuthandiza chitetezo chamthupi ndipo zitha kuthandiza kupewa chimfine kapena chimfine, koma palibe umboni wochepa wosonyeza kuti amachita zambiri kuti achepetse zizindikiro za chimfine kapena kuchira mwachangu Maantibiotiki, mtundu wa mabakiteriya abwino, amatha kukhala opindulitsa paumoyo wathunthu, koma ndizochepa zomwe zimadziwika pachitetezo chawo cha nthawi yayitali. Zinc yotengedwa pakamwa imatha kuthandizira kuzizira, koma imatha kuyambitsa nseru ndi mavuto ena amimba. Vitamini C ndi echinacea, mbali inayi, amadziwika kuti ndi otetezeka, komabe muyenera kufunsa dokotala musanagwiritse ntchito.



7. Chitani zizindikiro zanu

Chimodzi mwazizindikiro zodziwika bwino komanso zosasangalatsa za chimfine ndi pakhosi. Fuluwenza ndi mankhwala ozizira amtundu wa madontho a chifuwa, mankhwala a chifuwa, lozenges, komanso maswiti olimba amathandizira kutsekula zilonda zapakhosi ndikuthyola ntchofu. Zotsalira, monga Osokonezeka (pseudoephedrine ), opopera m'mphuno, monga Afrin ( oxymetazoline ), ndi oyembekezera, monga Mucinex ( magwire ), itha kuthandizanso kuthyola ntchofu ndikuchepetsa kusokonezeka. Cough suppressants (zopangidwa ndi dextromethorphan) zimalepheretsa chifuwa kuti muchepetse kutsokomola. Opopera pakhosi, monga Cepacol ( alireza ) kapena Chloraseptic ( phenol ), itha kuthandizira kuzizira pakhosi ndikuchepetsa kupweteka kwakumero.

Kuthana ndi madzi ofunda amchere kumatha kuthandizira kuthyola ntchentche ndikuchepetsa makutu, komanso kugwirana mokakamiza pamphumi ndi mphuno kumatha kuchepetsa kupweteka kwa mutu ndi ululu wa sinus ndikuchepetsa mphuno. Pezani maphikidwe ambiri ndi mankhwala am'mero Pano .



ZOKHUDZA: Kodi kuchiza zilonda zapakhosi

8. Pewani anthu ena ndikuchita ukhondo

Ngakhale sizingachite chilichonse kuti muchepetse matenda anu kapena kukuthandizani kuti muchepetse chimfine mwachangu, ndikofunikira kuti muchepetse kulumikizana ndi anthu ena mukadwala komanso kwa maola 24 pambuyo poti matenda a chimfine atha kuti athetse kufalikira za matendawa. Fuluwenza amapatsirana kwambiri ndipo amatha kufalikira mosavuta kudzera mumlengalenga. Mukadzipatula nokha mchipinda chanyumba yanu ngati mumakhala ndi ena; khalani oyenera ukhondo wamanja ndi madzi ofunda ndi sopo wa antibacterial; ndipo ngati pazifukwa zilizonse muyenera kutuluka, onetsetsani kuti muvale nkhope chigoba .

Inde, njira yabwino kwambiri yopewera chimfine ndikutulutsa chimfine chaka chilichonse. Malinga ndi CDC , kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti katemera wa chimfine amatha kuchepetsa chiopsezo cha chimfine ndi 40% -60% mwa anthu onse.

9. Pitani kuchipatala

Ngakhale chimfine chimatha kuchiritsidwa kunyumba, muyenera kufunsa omwe amakuthandizani pambuyo pa maola 24 ngati chimfine chikuipiraipira. Kwa zizindikilo zowopsa kwambiri, monga kupuma movutikira, kutsokomola magazi, kupweteka pachifuwa, kapena mavuto poyenda bwino, kuyenda, kapena kukhala tsonga, pitani kuchipatala msanga kuchokera kwa dokotala wanu kapena pitani kuchipatala chadzidzidzi. Muyeneranso kupeza chithandizo chamankhwala mwachangu ngati muli ndi matenda ena oopsa ndipo mukukula ndi chimfine.