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Kodi ndi chimfine cha chilimwe… kapena china?

Kodi ndi chimfine cha chilimwe… kapena china?Maphunziro a Zaumoyo

Mumamva bwino dzulo, koma lero mwadzuka ndi malungo, zilonda zapakhosi, ndi thupi lopweteka. Lingaliro lanu loyamba litha kukhala coronavirus yatsopano, koma izi ndi zizindikiro zofananira za fuluwenza yanyengo. Vuto lokhalo ndiloti lili pakati pa Juni-osati kwenikweni chimfine nyengo . Kodi ukhoza kukhalabe chimfine, kapena kodi chingakhale china?

Kutulutsa nkhani kokhumudwitsa: Ngakhale ndizokayikitsa, inu angathe kutenga chimfine m'miyezi yotentha. Nazi zomwe muyenera kudziwa pokhudzana ndi kutenga fuluwenza panthawi yopuma, ndi matenda ena ati omwe angakuimbireni chifukwa cha nthawi yanu yachilimwe, komanso momwe mungadziwire kusiyana pakati pa matenda ofunda ndi nyengo.



Kodi mungapeze chimfine nthawi yotentha?

Kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi, nyengo ya chimfine imayamba mu Okutobala ndipo imadutsa mu Meyi, kuyambira pakati pa Disembala ndi February. Koma nthenda za chimfine zomwe zimafalikira chaka chilichonse sizimatha pakati pa Juni ndi Seputembala, atero a Andres Romero, MD, katswiri wazachipatala ku Providence Saint John's Health Center.



Sizachilendo [kutenga chimfine nthawi yotentha] chifukwa chimfine ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matendawa, koma sichitha kwathunthu, Dr. Romero akufotokoza.

Chifukwa chakuti anthu ocheperako amadwala chimfine m'miyezi yotentha, kachilombo ka fuluwenza kamakhala ndi mwayi woti sikufalikira monga momwe kumakhalira nthawi yophukira komanso nthawi yozizira. M'chilimwe cha 2019, pafupifupi Anthu 1,700 adapezeka ndi kachilombo a fuluwenza A ndi B ku United States pakati pa Meyi 19 ndi Sep. 28, malinga ndi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).



Kapena ndi china chake?

Ngakhale kuti chimfine chingakhale chifukwa cha mavuto anu, ndizotheka kuti zizindikilo zanu ngati chimfine ndizotsatira za mtundu wina wa virus. Ma virus ena omwe amafala nthawi yotentha ndi awa:

  • Enterovirus: Rhinovirus imafala kwambiri m'miyezi yozizira koma mnzake wozizira wamba, enterovirus, amakonda nyengo yotentha-kutanthauza kuti mumatha kuigwira patchuthi chakunyanja kuposa tchuthi cha Khrisimasi.
  • Parainfluenza: Ngakhale izi zimamveka ngati fuluwenza yachikhalidwe, nthawi zambiri ndimatenda opumira omwe amakonda kufalikira kuyambira kasupe mpaka kugwa . Nthawi zina zimayambitsa matenda achiwiri monga croup (mwa ana aang'ono) ndi chibayo.
  • Kachilombo ka corona: Kodi mndandanda wa matenda nthawi yachilimwe ukadakhala wopanda chowopsa cha coronavirus ndi chiyani? Koma, kuti tidziwone: Pali zambiri mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya ma coronaviruses , ndipo mliri wa COVID-19 usanachitike, zinali zachilendo kugwira munthu ndikumva kuzizira. Chaka chino, aliyense ali ndi nkhawa za COVID-19, chifukwa chake ngati mwadziwitsidwa ndi winawake kapena / kapena muli ndi zizindikilo, itanani wothandizira zaumoyo wanu kuti akuthandizeni .
  • Adenovirus: Ngati mukung'amba ndi chifuwa chozizira nthawi yotentha, mwina adenovirus . Icho kumawonjezera kufalikira kwake mchaka ndi nyengo yozizira ndipo imayambitsa zizindikilo zambiri kuzizira, makamaka zomwe zimakwiyitsa mayendedwe anu.
  • Matenda ofalitsidwa ndi tizilombo: Matenda a Lyme ndipo Kachilombo ka West Nile ndi matenda awiri ofala ofalitsidwa ndi tizilombo. Popeza nthawi zambiri mumakhala panja nthawi yachilimwe mutapachikidwa ndi nkhupakupa ndi udzudzu, chiopsezo chanu chimawonjezeka.

Zizindikiro za chimfine cha chilimwe motsutsana ndi matenda ena

Mukuganiza kuti ndi virus iti yomwe yateteza chitetezo chanu m'thupi? Chongani tchati ichi kuti muwone zisonyezo zomwe zimafala kwambiri nthawi iliyonse yotentha.

Mtundu wa virus Zizindikiro zofala
Kachilombo koyambitsa matenda a chimfine Malungo, zilonda zapakhosi, chifuwa, kupweteka kwa thupi, kupweteka mutu, kuchulukana, kutopa
Enterovirus Kuchulukana, mphuno yothamanga, chifuwa, zilonda zapakhosi, nthawi zina zotupa kapena diso la pinki (makamaka kwa ana)
Parainfluenza Malungo, mphuno, kukhosomola; Nthawi zina zimayambitsa bronchitis yachiwiri, chibayo, kapena croup
Kachilombo ka corona Osiyanasiyana kuchokera kuzizindikiro pang'ono kuzizira kufikira matenda opumira kwambiri kuphatikizapo kupuma pang'ono ndi malungo
Adenovirus Kuchulukana, zilonda zapakhosi, malungo, chifuwa; nthawi zina diso la pinki kapena vuto la GI
Matenda ofalitsidwa ndi tizilombo Vuto la West Nile: malungo, mutu, kupweteka kwa thupi, zotupa pakhungu pa thunthu

Matenda a Lyme : malungo, kuzizira, kupweteka kwa minofu, kutopa; nthawi zambiri zotupa zimawonekera zomwe zitha kuwoneka kapena sizikuwoneka ngati diso la ng'ombe

Zimayambitsa ndi matenda

Ngakhale ndizabwino kutengera chimfine nthawi yotentha, ndizotheka. Anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu chotenga chimfine cha chilimwe ndi awa:

  • Aliyense amene ali nawo anayenda padziko lonse lapansi m'masabata aposachedwa, makamaka kumadera otentha, komwe chimfine chimachitika nthawi zonse, kapena kumwera kwa dziko lapansi, komwe nyengo ya chimfine imachitika kuyambira Epulo mpaka Seputembara.
  • Anthu osadzipereka, monga omwe amalandira khansa ndi makanda, okalamba, ndi amayi apakati
  • Aliyense amene amagwira ntchito pafupipafupi ndi anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo, monga akatswiri azaumoyo
  • Aliyense amene sanalandire Katemera wa chimfine chaka cham'mbuyomu (kuwombera chimfine kumayamba kuchepa pambuyo pake miyezi isanu ndi umodzi , koma kusapeza kamodzi konse kumakusiyani inu pachiwopsezo kuposa anthu omwe anachita Pezani mfuti kugwa)

Ma virus a fuluwenza amatha kupezeka ndi mphuno kapena khosi. Izi sizolondola 100% ndipo zosiyana zina ndizodalirika kuposa zina , koma ndi malo abwino kuyamba ngati mukukayikira kuti muli ndi chimfine. Kupanda kutero, zingakhale zovuta kudziwa zomwe zikukuvutitsani, atero Natasha Bhuyan, MD, dokotala wazabanja ku Arizona.

Kutengera ndi zisonyezo zokha, matenda opumawa ndi ovuta kusiyanitsa, akutero Dr. Bhuyan. Chimfine chimakhala chokhudzana ndi kupweteka kwa thupi komanso kutopa kuposa chimfine ndipo zizindikilo za chimfine zimaphatikizapo malungo, kutsokomola, kuyetsemula, kutopa, ndi kuchulukana, [koma izi zilinso] zizindikilo zonse zomwe zimakumana ndi COVID-19.

Pali mayeso azidziwitso a enterovirus ndi adenovirus; komabe, sagwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri. Parainfluenza amatha kupezeka ndi mayeso a magazi, nasal swab, kapena X-ray pachifuwa (kapena kuphatikiza zonse zitatu). Ntchito yamagazi imatha kuzindikira kupezeka kwa ma antibodies a West Nile virus ndi matenda a Lyme, ngakhale kudziwa bwino matenda a Lyme akhoza, nthawi zina, kukhala ovuta.

Palinso ma swabs amphuno omwe amayesedwa kuti ayesere ma coronaviruses, kuphatikiza COVID-19, chifukwa chake lemberani dokotala wanu kuti akuthandizeni ngati mukuganiza kuti muyenera kukhala adayesedwa .

Chithandizo cha matenda a chilimwe

Nthaŵi zambiri, matenda opuma opatsirana pang'ono, monga chimfine kapena chimfine, amatha kuchiritsidwa kunyumba ndi kupumula komanso madzi ambiri. Mankhwala a OTC monga acetaminophen , pseudoephedrine , kapena dextromethorphan angafunike kuti muchepetse malungo, kuchepetsa minofu yanu, kapena kusataya zina.

Matenda wamba a matenda a Lyme amatha kuthetsedwa ndi njira ya mankhwala opatsirana pakamwa kapena kudzera m'mitsempha . Popeza kachilombo ka West Nile ndi kachilombo matenda, osati bakiteriya, palibe njira yophweka yochizira munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka. Anthu ambiri sakhala ndi zizindikilo kapena zofatsa zomwe zimadzisintha okha, pomwe ena amakumana ndi zovuta, monga meninjaitisi, zofunika kuchipatala ndi chisamaliro chothandizira .

Madokotala akuganizirabe mankhwala omwe amathandiza kwambiri pa COVID-19, koma ngati matenda anu ndi ofatsa, amatha kuchiritsidwa chimodzimodzi ndi chimfine kapena chimfine. Dziwani fayilo ya zizindikiro zochenjeza za matenda oopsa kwambiri a COVID-19 ndipo musazengereze kupita kuchipatala mwadzidzidzi, ngati pakufunika kutero.

Kupewa matenda a chilimwe

Palibe chitsimikizo chakuti simudzadwala chilimwechi, koma kupewa matenda mu Juni, Julayi, ndi Ogasiti sikuli kovuta kuposa momwe zimakhalira mu Disembala, Januware, kapena February! Malamulo omwewo amagwiritsidwa ntchito chaka chonse. Khalani wathanzi, khalani ndi ukhondo, ndipo yeretsani nthawi zonse ndikuchotsa mankhwala pamalo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri.

Zachidziwikire, chaka chino, inunso muyenera kulimbana ndi kufalikira kwa COVID-19, chifukwa chake muyenera kuphatikiza kuvala chigoba pagulu komanso malo ochezera anthu momwe mungathere pochepetsa matenda.

Pofuna kupewa matenda ambiri mchilimwe, Nazi zinthu zisanu ndi chimodzi zovomerezeka ndi dokotala zomwe mungachite:

  1. Muzigona mokwanira komanso kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi. Dr. Romero akuti kugona maola asanu ndi atatu usiku uliwonse ndikofunikira pa thanzi lanu lonse komanso chitetezo chamthupi, monga momwe mungachitire masewera olimbitsa thupi - zonse ziwiri zimakupangitsani kuti muzidwala komanso kuti muzitha kulimbana ndi kachilombo ngati mutagwira.
  2. Idyani chakudya chopatsa thanzi. Zipatso, nyama zamasamba, tirigu wathunthu, ndi zomanga thupi zodzaza ndi mavitamini, michere, ndi ma antioxidants omwe amateteza thupi lanu kulimbana ndi ma virus.
  3. Sungani misonkhano yanu panja. Mwinamwake mudamvapo kuti COVID-19 sikufalikira mosavuta kunja monga momwe imakhalira m'nyumba, ndipo izi zimathandizanso kuma virus ena ambiri. Dr. Bhuyan akuwonetsa kuti musunge mndandanda wazakudya zanu zanyengo yachilimwe ndizocheperako ndikukhala panja, pomwe madontho opumira omwe ali ndi kachilombo sangathe kufalikira mosavuta.
  4. Sungani manja anu oyera. Ukhondo wamanja ndikofunika kwambiri pakuletsa kufalikira kwa matenda. Pewani kukhudza nkhope yanu mukakhala pagulu, sambani m'manja pafupipafupi, ndipo nyamulani choyeretsera dzanja nthawi yomwe sopo ndi madzi kulibe. Mukamachita izi, perekani mankhwala opatsirana tsiku ndi tsiku monga mafoni ndi makiyi agalimoto kuti muchepetse kusamutsidwa kwa majeremusi m'manja.
  5. Dzitetezeni panja. Kuti muchepetse mwayi woti mungatenge matenda obwera ndi tizilombo, pezani thupi lanu lonse zovala zochepa ngati mungathere panja. Gwiritsani ntchito Wothamangitsa tizilombo wokhala ndi DEET kapena chinthu china chovomerezeka ndi EPA . Pewani malo amtali, audzu kapena malo okhala ndi madzi oyimirira ndipo, ngati mungathe, muchepetse zochita zanu zakunja pomwe tizilombo timagwira ntchito, mwachitsanzo, m'bandakucha ndi madzulo.
  6. Mukakayikira, khalani kunyumba. Dr. Bhuyan akuti ndikofunikira kukhalabe m'malo momwe angathere, ndikuti anthu ena omwe ali pachiwopsezo (monga okalamba, anthu omwe ali ndi mphumu kapena COPD, komanso anthu omwe ali ndi vuto la thanzi) ayenera kulingalira mozama za kuopsa kocheza ndi kachilombo ikuzungulira… ngakhale mchilimwe.

Mukakayikira, funsani wothandizira zaumoyo wanu kapena wamankhwala. Amatha kukupatsani malangizo okuthandizani kukhala athanzi chaka chonse.