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Fluenza A vs. B: Chomwe chiri choyipa kwambiri?

Fluenza A vs. B: Chomwe chiri choyipa kwambiri?Maphunziro a Zaumoyo

Fluenza A vs. B zimayambitsa | Kukula | Zizindikiro | Matendawa | Mankhwala | Zowopsa | Kupewa | Nthawi yoti muwonane ndi dokotala | Mafunso | Zothandizira

Imayamba pang'ono. Mutha kudzuka ndi kukhosomoka kwapakhosi ndi mphuno yothamanga, kapena mumatha kumangokhalira kudandaula tsiku lonse kuposa nthawi zonse. Koma pali zambiri panjira. Mumabwera ndi malungo, kuzizira, kupweteka kwa thupi, ndipo mwadzaza mphasa ndi chimfine.



Chimfine chakhala nthawi yayitali yomwe anthu amagwiritsa ntchito pofotokozera molakwika matenda osiyanasiyana. Nthawi zambiri timamva anthu akunena kuti o, ndidadwala chimfine cham'mimba sabata yatha, kapena ana adadwala chimfine cha maola 24. Koma chimfine chimatanthauza mitundu inayi ya ma virus a fuluwenza (A, B, C, ndi D), makamaka fuluwenza A ndi fuluwenza B.



Fuluwenza A imatha kupatsira anthu komanso nyama. Nthawi zambiri, zimalumikizidwa ndi miliri yamanyengo ku United States (aka chimfine nyengo ) ndi miliri yapadziko lonse lapansi. Zimasintha nthawi zonse, motero zimakhala ndi mitundu ingapo, kuphatikiza chimfine choopsa cha mbalame (avian fuluwenza) ndi chimfine cha nkhumba . Kumbali inayi, fuluwenza B ili ndi magawo awiri (Victoria ndi Yamagata), omwe amapezeka, kwakukulukulu, mwa anthu okha komanso amasintha pang'onopang'ono, chifukwa chake si chiwopsezo chachikulu cha mliri.

Pemphani kuti mupeze malangizo athunthu amitundu iwiri ya ma virus a chimfine.



Zoyambitsa

Fuluwenza A.

Njira yodziwika kwambiri yotumizira matendawa ndi kudzera m'madontho ang'onoang'ono omwe munthu wodwala matendawa amalankhula, kuyetsemula, kutsokomola kapena kupuma kwambiri. Mtundu A umakhalanso (ngakhale samapezeka kawirikawiri) kudzera mwa kulumikizana ndi nyama yodwala , ngati mbalame kapena nkhumba. Fuluwenza imatha kufalitsidwanso kudzera muzinthu zopanda moyo ngati wodwalayo angaipitse, monga chotchingira khomo.

Fuluwenza B.

Monga mavairasi a fuluwenza A, fuluwenza wa mtundu wa B umafalikira kwambiri kudzera mwa kukhudzana ndi madontho pamene wodwala ali ndi chifuwa, ayetsemula, kapena amalankhula. Nyama nthawi zambiri sizimatengeka ndi kachilombo ka fuluwenza B, motero nthawi zambiri satengedwa ngati onyamula.

Fluenza A vs. B zimayambitsa

Fuluwenza A. Fuluwenza B.
  • Lumikizanani ndi madontho ochokera kwa munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka
  • Lumikizanani ndi nyama zomwe zili ndi kachilombo (kawirikawiri)
  • Lumikizanani ndi madontho ochokera kwa munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka

ZOKHUDZA: Kodi chimfine chikuuluka? Phunzirani momwe chimfine chimafalira



Kukula

Fuluwenza A.

Fuluwenza A ndiye chimfine chofala kwambiri. Zimawerengera pafupifupi 75% ya chiwopsezo chonse cha matenda a chimfine , ndipo ndichomwe chimayambitsa chimfine cham'mlengalenga chomwe chimagunda US nthawi iliyonse yozizira. Ichi si chiwerengero chochepa, makamaka poganizira za Milandu 25 mpaka 50 miliyoni mdziko lonse chaka chilichonse .

Munthawi ya chimfine cha 2018-19, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) idayesa mitundu 1,145,555 ya fuluwenza, ndipo pazotsatira zabwino za 177,039, 95% anali fuluwenza A.

Fuluwenza A imagawidwanso m'magulu ang'onoang'ono potengera mapuloteni awiri omwe ali pamwamba pa kachilombo kotchedwa hemagglutinin ndi neuraminidase. Magawo awiri a mapuloteni onsewa amabweretsa kuphatikiza kosiyanasiyana ndi mavairasi apadera a fuluwenza A. Kuphatikiza apo, kusintha kwakung'ono kwa majini komwe kumapangitsa kusintha kwa mapuloteni oterewa pakapita nthawi kumatha kulola izi kupangitsa kuti athe kupatsira anthu nyengo iliyonse. Khalidwe ili limabweretsa zovuta pakuneneratu za kachilombo koyambitsa matenda a fuluwenza A zikafika pakupanga chisankho cha katemera wa chimfine miyezi isanachitike nyengo ya chimfine. Zonsezi pamodzi zimathandizira kuti matenda a fuluwenza A azitenga nyengo iliyonse.



Fuluwenza B.

Zachidziwikire, manambala ndi magawo amatha kusiyanasiyana nyengo ndi nyengo. Mwachitsanzo, magawo oyambirira a nyengo ya fuluwenza ya 2019-2020 adaona fuluwenza B monga mtundu wofala kwambiri , makamaka pakati pa ana.

Koma zaka zambiri, zimatenga mpando wakumbuyo kuti muyimitse A. Sizimafalikira mosavuta chifukwa chimasinthasintha pang'onopang'ono ndipo chimangokhala ndi zigawo zazikulu ziwiri: Victoria ndi Yamagata. Pafupifupi, komabe, mtundu wa matenda a B umakhala pafupifupi 25% yamatenda onse a chimfine.



Fuluenza A vs. B kufalikira

Fuluwenza A. Fuluwenza B.
  • Pafupifupi 75% ya milandu yonse ya fuluwenza (pafupifupi)
  • Pafupifupi 25% ya milandu yonse ya fuluwenza (pafupifupi)
  • Chofala kwambiri komanso chovuta pakati pa ana

Zizindikiro

Fuluwenza A.

Zizindikiro za fuluwenza A zimafanana mosasamala kanthu kachigawo kakang'ono. Chofala kwambiri ndimafinya amphuno, zilonda zapakhosi, malungo, kuzizira, kupweteka kwa thupi, ndi kutopa.

Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu ndikulimba kwawo. Zizindikiro za Type A nthawi zambiri zimakula ndipo nthawi zina zimabweretsa kugona kapena kufa. Malinga ndi CDC.gov, fuluwenza A idapanga 95.5% yazipatala zonse zanyengo zanyengo mkati mwa nyengo ya 2018-19.



Fuluwenza B.

Mtundu B umayambitsa zizindikiro zofananira ndi zomwe zalembedwa pamwambapa, koma nthawi zambiri zimakhala zofewa. Komabe, ikadali ndi kuthekera kokulira mwamphamvu, kuyambitsa kuchipatala ndi kufa, makamaka mwa ana .

Fluenza A vs. B zizindikiro

Fuluwenza A. Fuluwenza B.
  • Mphuno yothamanga
  • Chikhure
  • Malungo
  • Kuzizira
  • Kupweteka kwa thupi
  • Tsokomola
  • Kupweteka mutu
  • Kutopa
  • Kusapeza bwino pachifuwa
  • Mphuno yothamanga
  • Chikhure
  • Malungo
  • Kuzizira
  • Kupweteka kwa thupi
  • Tsokomola
  • Kupweteka mutu
  • Kutopa
  • Kusapeza bwino pachifuwa

(Zizindikiro zimakhala zochepa kwambiri kuposa fuluwenza A)

ZOKHUDZA: Coronavirus (COVID-19) vs. chimfine vs. chimfine



Matendawa

Fuluwenza A.

Kuyezetsa thupi ndi gawo loyamba. Ngati wothandizirayo atulukira zizindikilo za chimfine ndipo pali zochitika za chimfine m'deralo, atha kuyitanitsa mayeso kuti atsimikizire kuti ali ndi chimfine. Chiyeso chilichonse cha chimfine chimafuna kuti wothandizira zaumoyo asinthe mphuno za wodwala kapena nthawi zina pakhosi.

Chiyeso chofulumira kwambiri komanso chofulumira kwambiri ndi kuyesa kwachangu kwa fuluwenza (RIDT). Zotsatira zimatenga mphindi 10 mpaka 15, koma mwina sizolondola kuposa mayeso ena. Kuphatikiza apo, ma RIDTs samapereka chidziwitso pamagulu ang'onoang'ono a fuluwenza A.

Kuyesa kwamphamvu kwama molekyulu kumakhalanso koyeserera muofesi. Zimatenga nthawi yayitali koma ndizolondola kuposa ma RIDTs ena kuti pamakhala mwayi wochepa woyeserera wopanga cholakwika kapena chonama.

Ngati wothandizirayo akufunikira zambiri zokhudzana ndi chibadwa cha kachilomboka ndi kupsyinjika, atha kutumiza swab ku labu kuti ayese mozama kwambiri ma molekyulu omwe amatha kusiyanitsa fuluwenza A subtypes.

Mavairasi amtundu wa Novel, omwe amabwera ndi ziweto, samawonekera pamayeso oyambira, otsatsa malonda. Ngati wothandizira akuganiza kuti ali ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matendawa, ayenera kukambirana za kuthekera koyesanso kwa transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) ndi madipatimenti azaumoyo am'deralo ndi aboma. Chikhalidwe cha ma virus ndi mayeso enanso omwe amapezeka omwe sagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zisankho zamankhwala, koma kuwunika kwambiri ma virus. Chikhalidwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri pakuwunika ma virus a chimfine A kapena B omwe angaganizidwe ngati katemera wotsatira wa chimfine.

Fuluwenza B.

Monga mtundu wa A, matendawa amayamba ndikuwunika kwakuthupi, komwe nthawi zina kumakhala kokwanira kuti mupeze matenda. Koma kuyesedwa nthawi zambiri kumakhala kofunikira kuti mutsimikizire.

Ngakhale mtundu wa B nthawi zambiri umakhala kachilombo kosavuta, Ma RIDTs samazindikira ma antigen ake , kotero mayeserowa sakhala olondola nthawi zonse. Chifukwa chake, dokotala amatha kuyeserera kolimba kwambiri ngati akukayikira matenda amtundu wa B.

Fuluwenza A vs. B kuzindikira

Fuluwenza A. Fuluwenza B.
  • Kuyezetsa magazi mofulumira (RIDT)
  • Kuyesa kwamphamvu kwamankhwala
  • Chikhalidwe cha virus
  • Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (ngati dokotalayo akukayikira mtundu wina wamtundu wa A)
  • Kuyezetsa magazi mofulumira (RIDT)
  • Kuyesa kwamphamvu kwamankhwala
  • Chikhalidwe cha virus

Mankhwala

Fuluwenza A.

Tsoka ilo, palibe mankhwala omwe angathetseretu matenda a chimfine. Koma pali njira zothetsera zizindikiro zake ndikuchepetsa nthawi.

Anthu ambiri amangofunafuna mankhwala azinyumba monga madzi amadzimadzi ambiri, kupumula kokwanira, msuzi wokometsera nkhuku, komanso ochepetsa ululu ngati ibuprofen (Motrin) ndipo acetaminophen (Tylenol) . Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zothandiza, koma pochepetsa zizindikiro za chimfine.

Kwa anthu omwe ali ndi fuluwenza A omwe ali mgulu la omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu cha zovuta (ana, okalamba, matenda ena), kapena omwe ali ndi zizindikilo zowopsa, othandizira azaumoyo atha kupatsa mankhwala a ma virus ngati Tamiflu (oseltamivir mankwala) , Relenza (zanamivir) , kapena Rapivab (peramivir). Mankhwalawa sangathetse kachilomboka, koma amachepetsa mphamvu yake yolumikizana ndi maselo ndikupanganso zina, zomwe zingachepetse nthawi yake ndikupewa zovuta zina. Zimakhala zothandiza kwambiri ngati zingatengedwe pasanathe maola 48 kuchokera pamene mukudwala.

Fuluwenza B.

Chithandizo cha mtundu wa B chimafanana kwambiri ndi mtundu wa mankhwala A. Yankho lofala kwambiri ndikungolola matendawa kuti adziwe pamene akumwa madzi, kupumula, komanso kumwa mankhwala owonjezera.

Chifukwa fuluwenza B imakhala yocheperako, mwina singafune mankhwala ochepetsa ma virus, ngakhale othandizira azaumoyo atha kuwapatsabe anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu.

Fluenza A vs. B chithandizo

Fuluwenza A. Fuluwenza B.
  • Zithandizo zapakhomo (madzi, kupumula, kupweteka kwa OTC)
  • Mankhwala oletsa mankhwala
  • Zithandizo zapakhomo (madzi, kupumula, kupweteka kwa OTC)
  • Mankhwala oletsa mankhwala

ZOKHUDZA: Mankhwala a chimfine ndi mankhwala

Zowopsa

Fuluwenza A.

Fuluwenza A ndi yosasangalatsa kwa anthu wamba. Komabe, zitha kukhala zowopsa kwa okalamba (65 kapena kupitilira apo), ana, amayi apakati, anthu omwe ali ndi chitetezo chamthupi chodetsa nkhawa, kapena anthu omwe ali ndi matenda osachiritsika (monga matenda amtima, matenda a impso, kapena mphumu).

Fuluwenza B.

Zowopsa za matenda amtundu wa B ndi zovuta zake ndizofanana, ngakhale fuluwenza B imafala kwambiri pakati pa ana.

Fluenza A vs. B zoopsa

Fuluwenza A. Fuluwenza B.
  • Okalamba 65 kapena kupitirira
  • Okalamba 5 kapena ocheperako
  • Mimba
  • Kunenepa kwambiri
  • Mavuto aakulu (mphumu, matenda a mtima, matenda a impso, ndi zina zambiri)
  • Kufooka kwa chitetezo cha mthupi
  • Okalamba 65 kapena kupitirira
  • Okalamba 5 kapena ocheperako
  • Mimba
  • Kunenepa kwambiri
  • Mavuto aakulu (mphumu, matenda a mtima, matenda a impso, ndi zina zambiri)
  • Kufooka kwa chitetezo cha mthupi

ZOKHUDZA: Ndi magulu ati omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu chotenga chimfine?

Kupewa

Fuluwenza A.

Njira imodzi yothandiza kupewa matenda a chimfine (komanso kukhala ndi thanzi labwino) ndikuchepetsa kuthekera komwe kungachitike. Izi zikutanthauza kusamba m'manja , kupewa kukhudzana nthawi yayitali ndi anthu omwe ali ndi kachilomboka, kupha tizilombo pamalo omwe ali ndi kachilomboka, ndi ena onse omwe abwera kale ndi fuluwenza A atha kuyimitsa kufalikira kwawo pokhala kunyumba ndikutsokomola kapena kuyetsemula m'zigongono.

Kupitilira apo, njira yodzitchinjiriza kwambiri ndi katemera wa chimfine (kuwombera chimfine). Pali mitundu iwiri. Katemera wopambana amateteza kumatenda awiri a fuluwenza A (H1N1 ndi H3N2) ndi mtundu umodzi wa fuluwenza B, pomwe katemera wa quadrivalent amateteza motsutsana ndi mitundu itatu ija ya B.

Matenda a chimfine A (H3N2) amatha kusintha msanga, komabe, azachipatala amayenera kuyembekezera kusintha kwawo chaka chilichonse. Zotsatira zake, katemera wa chimfine wanyengo sizingathandize kwenikweni kupewa matenda amtundu wa A. ngati kulosera kumeneko kwazimitsidwa.

Fuluwenza B.

Kuchita zodzitetezera zomwezo (kusamba m'manja, kupewa odwala, ndi zina zambiri) kumathandiza kupewa matenda amtundu wa B ndikufalikira. Katemera wa chimfine nthawi zambiri amakhala otetezeka ku fuluwenza B, koma mwina sizingafanane bwino ndi mavuto apachaka.

Ndikofunika kuthetsa nthano wamba pano. Kupeza chimfine sikungayambitse wina ndi fuluwenza A kapena B. Katemerayu ali ndi mavairasi wakufa kapena puloteni imodzi ya fuluwenza, kapena ngati katemera wa mphuno wofooketsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, palibe amene ali zokwanira kupatsira munthu .

Momwe mungapewere fuluwenza A vs.

Fuluwenza A. Fuluwenza B.
  • Kupewa odwala
  • Kusamba m'manja
  • Malo ophera tizilombo
  • Kukhala ndi chakudya chopatsa thanzi, kugona, komanso kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi
  • Katemera wa chimfine wanyengo
  • Kupewa odwala
  • Kusamba m'manja
  • Malo ophera tizilombo
  • Kukhala ndi chakudya chopatsa thanzi, kugona, komanso kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi
  • Katemera wa chimfine wanyengo

Nthawi yoti muwonane ndi dokotala wa fuluwenza A kapena B

Ambiri mwa anthuwa amatuluka chimfine kuchokera kunyumba ali ndi zofooka zochepa zokha. Koma nthawi zina zimakhala bwino kukaona omwe akukuthandizani. Aliyense amene ali ndi chimodzi kapena zingapo zomwe zimaika pachiwopsezo cha zovuta zomwe zatchulidwa pamwambapa ayenera kulingalira kukawona katswiri kuti awonetsetse kuti sizisintha kukhala matenda owopsa kapena matenda opumira.

Wopereka chithandizo chamankhwala amathanso kukhala wofunikira kwa anthu omwe ali ndi zizindikilo zowopsa kapena zazitali kapena zovuta zina monga kupuma movutikira, kupweteka pachifuwa, chizungulire mwadzidzidzi, kusanza, kuuma khosi, kapena kutaya chidziwitso.

Mafunso omwe amafunsidwa kawirikawiri za Fuluwenza A ndi B

Choipa kwambiri ndi chiyani: Fuluwenza A kapena Fuluwenza B?

Fuluwenza yamtundu wa A ndi mtundu B ndi ofanana, koma mtundu wa A umafala kwambiri, nthawi zina umakhala woopsa kwambiri, ndipo umatha kuyambitsa miliri ya chimfine ndi miliri.

Kodi Fuluwenza ndi kachilombo kapena mabakiteriya?

Fluenza A ndi kachilombo, ngakhale itha kukhala ndi zizindikilo zofananira matenda opatsirana a bakiteriya, monga sinusitis.

Kodi chimfine chimatha nthawi yayitali bwanji?

Zizindikiro zimatha masiku asanu mpaka asanu ndi awiri, ngakhale zimatha kukhala milungu iwiri. Kupeza chimfine choyambirira kapena kumwa mankhwala ochepetsa ma virus kumatha kuchepetsa nthawi.

Kodi fuluwenza A ndi B imafalikira kwa nthawi yayitali bwanji?

Anthu omwe ali ndi chimfine amapatsirana tsiku limodzi zizindikiro zisanachitike ndipo patatha masiku asanu kapena asanu ndi awiri zitadutsa.

Kodi fuluwenza imatha yokha?

Nthawi zambiri, inde. Nthawi zambiri, imatha masiku asanu ndi awiri mpaka khumi. Anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu (ana, okalamba, omwe ali ndi vuto lomwe lidalipo kale, ndi zina zambiri) angafunike kukaonana ndi othandizira azaumoyo kuti ateteze zovuta zina za chimfine.

Zothandizira